In October, 2020, Verizon, Ericsson and Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., were the first in the world to demonstrate 5G peak speeds of 5.06 Gbps. Using 5G mmWave spectrum with carrier aggregation, a technology that combines multiple channels of spectrum to provide greater efficiency for data sessions transmitting over the wireless network, the companies combined eight separate channels of spectrum to achieve the multi-gigabit speeds.
In September, 2020, T-Mobile and Ookla measured actual download speeds in areas where T-Mobile Mid-Band has been deployed and found average download speeds around 300 Mbps, with peak speeds up to 1 Gbps.
In February, 2020, Verizon Wireless, working with Samsung Electronics Americas, Motorola Mobility and Qualcomm, demonstrated 5G peak speeds of 4.2 Gbps on its live 5G network in Texas. It did this using carrier aggregation, a technology that combines multiple channels of spectrum. The four companies combined eight separate channels of mmWave spectrum to achieve the multi-gigabit speeds on Motorola’s upcoming flagship smartphone. "With 5G carrier aggregation, we are able to achieve unprecedented mobile speeds and bring the massive bandwidth available with mmWave spectrum to life,” said Adam Koeppe, senior vice president of technology planning at Verizon, in a statement. “Eight channel carrier aggregation using mmWave will be widely available on the 5G network in 2020.” The trial took place using a commercial network cell site in Texas, which aggregated 800 MHz of 28 GHz band spectrum using Samsung’s 5G new radio which has been commercially deployed by Verizon.
Qualcomm, developer of new 5G Wireless chips, in their first performance test on actual cellular networks resulted in browsing speeds of 71 Mbps for the median 4G-LTE user, improving to 1.4 Gbps for the median 5G user, with response times roughly 23 times faster. This is using 28 GHz spectrum using the addition of 4 License Assisted Access (LAA) bands. In the lab, 5G has been tested as high as 20Gbps.
Real world experience using far less optimized frequency bands will limit performance to somewhat slower speeds, with 4G-LTE downloads expected at around 50 Mbps, with 5G performance up to 10 times that, at 500 Mbps. Your speed will be dependant on the distance to the cell site. As an example, Verizon's "Home" internet service provides as close to 300 Mb at your fixed location as possible. AT&T's "5G Evolution" download speeds vary from 4G LTE performance up to 100's of Mb.
Rural customers and users living in areas where wired services have not yet been upgraded stand to have substantial improvements with 5G Wireless.